Bipolar disorder (the outdated name is manic-depressive psychosis, MDP) is a severe, recurrent mental illness characterized by alternating episodes of depression and mania with intervals of a normal state. Bipolar disorder affects 0.2% to 1.5% of the population.
Bipolar disorder is poorly diagnosed. On average, a correct diagnosis of bipolar disorder takes 8 years from the time a patient begins to seek help. The recurrence rate in bipolar disorder is 1-2 episodes every 1-2 years in most patients. However, there are people who experience mood swings more than once in the course of one day.
Bipolar disorder affects millions of people around the world, impairs their quality of life and limits their ability to work. Emotional instability and sudden mood swings are serious enough signs of bipolar disorder. An important goal in the treatment of these conditions is to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
A depressed person with bipolar disorder is no different from a person with depression. He has the same symptoms of depression that are common in patients with monopolar depression.
• worthlessness of existence
• inability to concentrate
• loss of energy
• declining interests
• suicidal ideation
• social dysfunction
• change in appetite
• anger / irritability
Mania is a certain period of pathological, constantly elevated mood with elements of irritability with a duration of at least a week.
During this period, three or more symptoms should be expressed and present in the clinical picture:
• a sense of one's own greatness or grandeur
• reduced need for sleep
• accelerated speech, the need for a conversation, it is impossible to interrupt
• “jump” of ideas or accelerated thinking, many ideas
• absent-mindedness (also, the inability to concentrate on important or less important issues)
• disinhibition (in matters of social, work, sexual) or psychomotor agitation
• Excessive preoccupation with pleasurable aspects of life that have significant consequences for the patient's life (loans, borrowings, disorderly purchases, sexual disinhibition).
Mixed conditions, another form of bipolar disorder, occurs in 40% of cases. The patient experiences symptoms of depression and mania at the same time. Typically, the patient describes symptoms of overactive "agitated", along with pain and despair. It is perceived by the patient as an unpleasant sensation and predisposes to committing suicide or taking drugs.
Bipolar disorder is a serious illness indeed. However, it should be borne in mind that early diagnosis and properly prescribed treatment can slow down the development of the disease and provide a high-quality remission.