We are used to treating insomnia lightly, taking it as something unpleasant, but not particularly serious. Let's say, like dandruff: it is visible on clothes, spoils the appearance, but this is not a reason to take urgent measures and run to the doctor!
Our people prefer to cope with insomnia on their own. Some people buy sleeping pills and sedatives. Others, after watching advertisements, take dietary supplements. Someone, according to the OBS principle (one grandmother said), is testing folk recipes, and someone rearranges the furniture in the bedroom according to the principles of Feng Shui.
Sleep and Mind
What is insomnia and where does it come from? How to deal with this scourge? Such questions are asked by those who know firsthand about sleep disorders. Unfortunately, only experienced doctors can answer them.
The first thing to know about sleep disorders is that sleep is a mirror of mental health. Insomnia and nightmares, our brain sends a signal for help: “Help! I feel bad! Pay attention to me! "
The main causes of sleep disturbance are:
- mental overload (stress, traumatic situations);
- constant forced night wakefulness (work in the night shift, frequent visits to nightclubs);
- change of time zones;
- the use of psychoactive substances, drugs;
- abuse of tranquilizers, sleeping pills;
- physiological predisposition (individual characteristics of the development of the nervous system)
- neuroses, depression, the consequences of craniocerebral trauma, alcoholism, intoxication of the body;
- violation of the blood flow of the central nervous system, changes in intracranial pressure.
Each of us during his life spent more than one sleepless night and more than once faced difficulties in falling asleep. As long as these cases are isolated, everything is fine. Occasional sleep problems only indicate that the brain is overworked during the day. With strong mental and emotional overload, a person may not sleep for 1 to 3 days, after which his sleep is restored on its own.
Until sleep disturbances have gone too far, you can try to cope with them yourself. To do this, sometimes it is enough to adjust the daily routine (time of work and rest); completely exclude the intake of alcohol (drugs and other psychostimulants, psychoactive substances); introduce into the habit of evening exercise, for example, before going to bed for a walk in the park; increase physical activity (for example, in the form of an evening or morning run); switch to a healthy diet (eat more vegetables, fruits and greens). As a rule, with minor brain disturbances and at the very beginning of the development of sleep disturbances, these measures help very well.
But what about those who finally and irrevocably "fell into the trap" of insomnia?
As already mentioned, at the initial stages of the development of sleep disorders, you can try to solve the problem on your own, but you cannot resort to self-medication, take medications without a doctor's prescription.
Where to go if you are tormented by insomnia? Of course, to the doctor. Which one? Disorders of brain functions are dealt with by a psychiatrist-psychotherapist (according to the medical nomenclature - a psychotherapist). Only this specialist will be able to correctly understand the true causes of the development of sleep disorders and prescribe adequate therapy.